Fundamentals of Nursing Study Guide (Questions 11-15)

11. Which of the following types of solutions, when administered I.V., would cause a shift of fluid from body tissues to the bloodstream?

a. Hypotonic
b. Isotonic
c. Sodium chloride
d. Hypertonic

12. When developing a plan of care for an older adult, the nurse should consider which challenges faced by clients in this age-group?

a. Selecting vocation, becoming financially independent, and managing a home
b. Developing leisure activities, preparing for retirement, and resolving empty-nest crisis
c. Managing a home, developing leisure activities, and preparing for retirement
d. Adjusting to retirement, deaths of family members, and decreased physical strength

13. The nurse is delivering the client's 10 a.m. medications. The client is away from his room for a diagnostic study. Which action is most appropriate for the nurse to take?

a. Leave the medications on the client's bedside table.
b. Ask the client's roommate to keep the medications for the client until he returns.
c. Lock the medications in the medicine preparation area until the client returns.
d. Have the client skip that dose of medication.

14. A client who received general anesthesia returns from surgery. Postoperatively, which nursing diagnosis takes highest priority for this client?

a. Pain related to surgery
b. Deficient fluid volume related to blood and fluid loss from surgery
c. Impaired physical mobility related to surgery
d. Risk for aspiration related to anesthesia

15. When assessing a client with cellulitis of the right leg, which of the following would the nurse expect to find?

a. Painful skin that is swollen and pale in color
b. Cold, red skin
c. Small, localized blackened area of skin
d. Red, swollen skin with inflammation spreading to surrounding tissues

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