16. A client with muscle weakness and an abnormal gait is being evaluated for muscular dystrophy. Which of the following confirms muscular dystrophy?
b. Muscle biopsy
c. Family history of muscular dystrophy
d. Gram stain of muscle tissue
17. The nurse is developing a teaching plan for a client who must undergo an above-the-knee amputation of the left leg. After a leg amputation, exercise of the remaining limb:
a. isn't necessary.
b. should begin immediately postoperatively.
c. should begin the day after surgery.
d. begins at a rehabilitation center.
18. A client is undergoing an extensive diagnostic workup for suspected muscular dystrophy. The nurse knows that muscular dystrophy has many forms, but that one assessment finding is common to all forms. Which finding belongs in this category?
a. Muscle weakness
b. Cardiac muscle involvement
c. Pseudohypertrophy of the calf muscles
d. Muscle pain
19. The nurse is teaching a female client about preventing osteoporosis. Which of the following teaching points is correct?
a. Obtaining an X-ray of the bones every 3 years is recommended to detect bone loss.
b. To avoid fractures, the client should avoid strenuous exercise.
c. The recommended daily allowance of calcium may be found in a wide variety of foods.
d. Obtaining the recommended daily allowance of calcium requires taking a calcium supplement.
20. A 78-year-old client has a history of osteoarthritis. Which signs and symptoms would the nurse expect to find on physical assessment?
a. Joint pain, crepitus, Heberden's nodes
b. Hot, inflamed joints; crepitus; joint pain
c. Tophi, enlarged joints, Bouchard's nodes
d. Swelling, joint pain, and tenderness on palpation