21. A client is admitted with severe pain in the knees. Which form of arthritis is characterized by urate deposits and joint pain, usually in the feet and legs, and occurs primarily in men over age 30?
a. Septic arthritis
b. Traumatic arthritis
c. Intermittent arthritis
d. Gouty arthritis
22. For a client with osteoporosis, the nurse should provide which dietary instruction?
a. "Decrease your intake of red meat."
b. "Decrease your intake of popcorn, nuts, and seeds."
c. "Eat more fruits to increase your potassium intake."
d. "Eat more dairy products to increase your calcium intake."
23. A 69-year-old client asks the nurse what the difference is between osteoarthritis (OA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Which response is correct?
a. OA is a noninflammatory joint disease. RA is characterized by inflamed, swollen joints.
b. OA and RA are very similar. OA affects the smaller joints and RA affects the larger, weight-bearing joints.
c. OA affects joints on both sides of the body. RA is usually unilateral.
d. OA is more common in women. RA is more common in men.
24. A client is hospitalized for open reduction of a fractured femur. During postoperative assessment, the nurse monitors for signs and symptoms of fat embolism, which include:
a. pallor and coolness of the affected leg.
b. nausea and vomiting after eating.
c. hypothermia and bradycardia.
d. restlessness and petechiae.
25. A client comes to the outpatient department with suspected carpal tunnel syndrome. When assessing the affected area, the nurse expects to find which abnormality typically associated with this syndrome?
a. Positive Tinel's sign
b. Negative Phalen's sign
c. Positive Chvostek's sign
d. Negative Trousseau's sign